Inheritance is the capability of one class of things to inherit capabilities or properties from another class.

Ex: The class ‘car’ inherits some of its properties from the class ‘Automobiles’ which inherits some of its properties from another class ‘Vehicles’.

The capability of passing down properties allows us to describe things in an economical way. C++ expresses this inheritance relationship by allowing one class to inherit from another.

The class from which functions are derived is called base class while the class which derives the functions is called sub class.

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