Inheritance is the capability of one class of things to inherit capabilities
or properties from another class.
Ex: The class ‘car’ inherits some of its
properties from the class ‘Automobiles’ which inherits some of its properties
from another class ‘Vehicles’.
The capability of passing down properties allows
us to describe things in an economical way. C++ expresses this inheritance
relationship by allowing one class to inherit from another.
The class from which
functions are derived is called base class while the class which derives the
functions is called sub class.
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