Computer/Electronics Questions and Answers
C, C++, VC++, COM/DCOM, DLL and more
 Login Sign up
 Home Electronics Computer Questions Member's Area News Site Map About

FM wireless Mike is a small electronic project based on a radio transmitter. It is a wonderful idea to make a wacky talky through which you can talk to your friend, next door. Just speak or play into the microphone and you’ll broadcast to an FM receiver at distances up to 50 feet (maybe 100 feet if the wind is right). Use a standard FM radio to receive the sound.

Circuit Operation:-

The circuit is a combination of a Microphone preamplifier and a FM transmitter.

Microphone Preamplifier is a simple audio amplifier. Transistor Q1 is operated in Voltage Divider Mode. We use a dynamic microphone in the amplifier. The small alternating current produced in the microphone is amplified and fed in to the FM transmitter.
FM transmitter is a tuned collector radio frequency oscillator. The coil and trimmer is in parallel tank circuit. We specify the value of trimmer and size of the coil such that the resonant frequency will be near 88-108 MHz (in the FM radio Band). The oscillator oscillates with a constant resonant frequency and we can change the operating frequency by changing the trimmer capacitance. This frequency is the center frequency of the FM. If we want the FM as a modulation we have to apply the modulating signal (audio signal from amplifier) to the base of the transistor of the oscillator. We all know the base-emitter junction acts like a diode. If we apply the signal the voltage across the junction will change and this particular transistor have some property of changing base capacitance according to the applied input voltage. Thus we change the capacitance which is in series with the resonant tank circuit causing a change in operating frequency. This is actually the FM modulation. Now the modulated signal will be transmitted via a small radio antenna.

Circuit Diagram:-

Component Required:-

 Parts List for FM Wireless Mike B1 - 9.V battery, Type 2U6   C1 - 0.05.uF, 3.V DC capacitor   C2 - 20.uF, 3 V DC electrolytic capacitor   C3 - 5.uF, 12 V DC electrolytic capacitor   C4 - 47.pF, 25 V DC capacitor   C5 - 5.30 pF trimmer capacitor   C6 - 6.3.pF ceramic capacitor   C7 - 0.01.uF, 10 V DC capacitor   L1 - see pictorial detail   MIC - Crystal or ceramic microphone element   Q1,Q2 - npn transistor HEP - 720   R1 - 47,000.ohm, 1/2. watt resistor   R2 - 33,000.ohm, 1/2. watt resistor   R3 - 1500.ohm, 1/2. watt resistor   R4 - 3300.ohm, 1/2. watt resistor   R5 - 100,000.ohm, 1/2. watt resistor   R6 - 470.ohm, 1/2. watt resistor   S1 - SPST switch

Testing:- Use standard RF wiring precautions and make coil L1 exactly as shown. Best speech clearly is obtained by using crystal or ceramic mike. For music reproduction, substitute a dynamic mike element.

The unit can be assembled on a cardboard using push in terminals for tie points. The case must be metal to prevent hand capacitance from continuously changing the output frequency. Pass the 6-in. solid ware antenna through the metal case using 1/4th- in. whole and a matching rubber grommet for an insulator.

Application:- Use the circuit to broadcast your voice to your neighborhood. Talk to your friend next door. One thing you should keep in your mind -don't tune in a frequency where a station is broad casting otherwise you may disturb other FM listeners in your neighborhood.