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Overview:
Followings are the syllabus and reference books for Computer Organization & Architecture.

Syllabus:
Concepts & Terminology : Digital computer concepts; Von-Neumann concept ; Hardware & Software and their nature ; structure & functions of a computer system , Role of operating system. Memory Unit : Memory classification , characteristics ; Organization of RAM , address decoding ROM/PROM/EEPROM ; Magnetic memories , recording formats & methods , Disk & tape units; Concept of memory map , memory hierarchy , Associative memory organization ; Cache introduction , techniques to reduce cache misses , concept of virtual memory & paging.
CPU Design: The ALU – ALU organization , Integer representation , 1s and 2s complement arithmetic ; Serial & Parallel Address; implementation of high speed Address Carry Look Ahead & carry Save Address; Multiplication of signed binary numbers-Booth’s algorithm ; Divide algorithms- Restoring & Non-Restoring ; Floating point number arithmetic; Overflow detection , status flags.
Instruction Set Architecture- Choice of instruction set ; Instruction word formats ; Addressing modes. Control Design – Timing diagrams; T-States , Controlling arithmetic & logic instruction , control structures ; Hardwired & Micro programmed, CISC & RISC characteristics.
Pipelining-general concept , speed up , instruction & arithmetic pipeline; Examples of some pipeline in modern processors , pipeline hazards; Flynn’s classification –SISD ,SIMD , MISD , MIMD architectures-Vector and Array processors & their comparison , Concept of Multiprocessor; Centralized & distributed architectures. Input/output Organization : Introduction to Bus architecture , effect of bus widths , Programmed & Interrupt I/O , DMA. , Programmed & Interrupt I/O , DMA.

Books and Links:

1 Hayes J. P., “Computer Architecture &Organisation”, McGraw Hill,
2 Hamacher, “Computer Organisation”,
3 Computer Organization and System Software, EXCEL BOOKS
4. Chaudhuri P. Pal, “Computer Organisation &Design”, PHI,
5. Mano, M.M., “Computer System Architecture”, PHI.
6. Burd- System Architecture,Vikas

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